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Six Kinds of Love

In guide titled Colors of Love (1973), J. A. Lee defined six kinds of relation­ship that would be labeled love.

Eros is intimate, passionate, love–what Tennov labeled limerence. In this sort of relationship, love is life’s many thing that is important. Lee stated a look for real beauty or a type that is ideal typifies this sort of love.

Ludus is just a game-playing or love that is uncommitted. Lying is a component for the game. Someone who pursues ludic love may have numerous conquests but remains uncommitted.

Storge (STORE-gay) is really a sluggish developing, friendship-based love. People who have this sort of love prefer to together participate in activities. Lee stated that storge leads to a term that is long by which intercourse may not be extremely intense or passionate.

Pragma is just a pragmatic, practical, mutually useful relationship. It might be notably unromantic and it is often referred to as “shopping list” love must be partner is chosen on the basis of a few characteristics or needs. Intercourse may very well be viewed as a technical matter, necessary for creating kids, if they’re desired.

Mania can be an obsessive or love that is posses­sive jealous and extreme. An individual in love this real means will probably make a move crazy or ridiculous, such as for instance stalking. The movie Fatal Attraction had been about it kind.

Agape (a-GOP-aye) is all-giving love, perhaps maybe maybe not worried about the self, just with the partner, or with individuals requiring compassion. It is known to be reasonably unusual.

Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) unearthed that Lee’s typology had been sustained by questionnaire research in 2 studies with 1,807 and 567 participants, correspondingly. “Six love design scales emerged plainly from element analysis” in both studies.

Exactly What six several types of love did J. A. Lee define?

Hendrick and Hendrick (1986) produced an adore personality Scale to identify the six kinds of love through questionnaire reactions. It absolutely was utilized in a lot of the research that is later Lee’s love kinds. Here are a few test questionnaire products:

  • Eros: “My partner and I also have actually the best real chemistry between us. ” “I believe my spouse and I had been designed for each other. ” “My partner fits my idea standard of real beauty/handsomeness. “
  • Ludus: “we have actually sometimes to help keep my partner from learning about other enthusiasts. ” “I am able to conquer love affairs pretty easily and quickly. ” “we enjoy playing the overall game of love with my partner and many other lovers. “
  • Storge: “Our love could be the kind that is best as it expanded out of a lengthy relationship. ” “Our love is actually a deep relationship, maybe not just a mystical, mystical feeling. “
  • Pragma: “a principal consider­ation in choosing my partner had been just exactly just how she or he would think about my loved ones. ” “a key point in selecting my partner ended up being she is a great parent. Whether he or” “One consideration in selecting my partner had been just exactly how she or he would think about my job. “
  • Mania: “When my partner doesn’t focus on me personally, personally i think ill all over. ” “Since we ahve experienced love with my partner, We have had difficulty centering on other things. ” “we cannot flake out if we suspect that my partner has been another person. “
  • Agape: “I would personally instead suffer myself than allow my partner experience. ” “we may not be delighted unless we destination my part­ner’s delight before my personal. ” “I would personally endure everything in the interests of my partner. “

Lee predicted males would endorse Ludus more often. Initially that appeared to be confirmed, as Hendrick, Slapion-Foote, and Foote (1985) stated that males were more prone to show the ludic style of love, while ladies had been almost certainly going to be storgic or pragmatic.

Nevertheless, Woll (1989) discovered that “the only real loving design which revealed clear sex distinctions ended up being Eros, upon which men scored somewhat more than females. ” Various other studies utilizing the appreciate personality Scale discovered no sex distinctions.

Just exactly What have scientists discovered, in learning Lee’s six kinds of love?

Partners joyfully married for over three decades commonly identify aided by the Eros category. This could appear counter-intuitive if a person equates eros with intimate attraction just, or with limerence.

But, the like personality Scale things for Eros emphasize passionate devotion more than intercourse. Possibly it is really not astonishing that long-married, pleased partners would endorse statements like, “We are designed for one another. “

A study of 500 pupils in 2 of my basic psychology classes revealed that the initial five kinds were familiar to over 80% for the pupils from their relationships that are own individuals they knew. Nonetheless, significantly less than 10percent of pupils knew a person who expressed agape.

Which kind of love had been minimum familiar to students in a basic therapy course?

Neto et al. (2000) reported research that is cross-cultural the like personality Scale. The authors hypothesized that “factors involving strong individual feelings, such as for instance mania, eros, and agape, could be mostly free from social distinctions” while “factors involving strict rules that are social. Such as for example pragma, storge, and ludus, would be influenced by cultural impacts. “

The authors surveyed 1,157 under­graduates, similarly split between gents and ladies, at universities in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, France, Macao, Mozambique, Portugal, and Switzerland. The outcomes supported their hypotheses.

Forms of love involving strong personal feelings had been comparable in every countries; “cross-cultural distinctions had been really moderate. ” Nevertheless, pertaining to Pragma and Storge, “cross-cultural differences had been considerable. “

Angolans, Brazilians, Cape Verdians, and Mozambicans were more prag­matic than swiss and french. The initial three of these nations also produced more storgic responses than French or Swiss. “there have been differences that are few genders. “